The term Process Modeling describes the creation of a graphical representation of a process or system. This image can be created or generated according to different notations and schemes, such as BPMN 2.0, EPK and many more. The modeling can be carried out manually or system-supported, for example with the help of modeling tools.
Modeling – An Everyday Example
A classic example of modeling is the map. Why have maps been so important to us for centuries? If we used the exact image – a photo – of a large landscape as a guide, we would probably never reach our destination. The flood of information makes it almost impossible to read helpful information. That’s why maps were developed: These maps show information that is only relevant for us, such as roads and motorways. The targeted reduction of information has greatly increased the added value for the viewer.
Why Process Modeling?
Business processes can be very complex and confusing. Let’s take a look at the production process of a car, for example. A car is produced at different locations within many production steps, some of which run in parallel. How do you keep track of this? With the help of modeling. Only the relevant information is presented using targeted process modeling. What is the relevant information? This, of course, lies in the eye of the beholder. In process management, this includes the process steps, their sequence and associated attributes. In other words: Which step is implemented in which order in which period of time. Interesting attributes are for example the costs, the location or responsible persons. In this way, the entire process can be examined and corresponding analyses carried out.
Process Modeling and Process Mining
Part of the Process Mining analysis is data-based modeling. Modeling is performed on the basis of real process data. This is a very exact and objective method to model a real process. However, the Process Mining model is not only used to represent real processes, but also to represent optimal processes – so-called target processes. Target processes serve as orientation and benchmark, especially if certain regulations or rules have to be observed during process implementation. Conformance checking compares the model to the real process and the target process model. This enables all deviations from the target to be identified at a glance.